Monday, May 22, 2006
We're Moving! Horse's Mouth to be Hosted by The American Prospect
Needless to say, I jumped at the chance, so from now on, you'll find The Horse's Mouth right here, at prospect.org/horsesmouth. See you there.
UPDATE: Site link repaired. Sorry.
Voters Don't Just Oppose Bush; they Oppose His Whole Party
As I wrote here, today's Washington Post piece about the GOP's midterm elections strategy offers up the absurd Republican spin that Iraq is to blame for President Bush's woes on other fronts. As the piece says, "Bush remains a firm believer in the `Iraq first' strategy. The war has overshadowed everything else and, in the White House's view, to a large extent has poisoned the public against other messages."
Obviously Iraq is important. But is there any empirical evidence to support the claim that Iraq is "to a large extent" to blame for the public's views of Republican failure on other fronts? Not that I've seen. Bush aides cite the President's spike in numbers last year after the Iraqi elections, but that's nowhere near good enough, because a great deal of hugely damaging non-Iraq stuff has happened since, including the ludicrous GOP gas-prices quick-fix fiasco and the latest immigration battles.
Indeed, one very recent poll suggests the opposite claim is true: This Fox News opinion poll. Twenty nine percent said that "gas prices" are the topic that comes up most often in conversation with friends and neighbors; only thirteen percent cited Iraq. Improvements in Iraq, a long shot to begin with, probably would improve Bush's numbers, but too much stuff has happened on other fronts, and any modest improvements in Iraq simply won't be enough to persuade the electorate to forgive the administration its other disastrous blunders.
What's more, the poll also seems to rebut the idea -- floated in the Post by GOP strategists -- that Republicans will automatically fare much better if folks don't see the midterms as a referendum on Bush and instead see it as Republicans vs. Dems. Indeed, the poll says that already, fully 39 percent of voters are already not going to make Bush a factor in their vote. The fact that nearly half the voters are already taking Bush out of the equation, coupled with the fact that polls are already showing double digit leads for Dems in straight comparisons between them and the GOP, suggests that the damage is flowing from the electorate's view of the GOP, as much as from their view of Bush.
In sum, voters aren't opposing just Bush, but his whole party; and they're not doing it just because of Iraq, but because of the party's ideas and performance on multiple fronts. So the whole notion of any "Iraq first" strategy is just plain bogus, if indeed GOP strategists really believe in it in the first place.
The GOP's "Optimism" About the Midterms
[S]hort of some event outside their direct control -- such as a dramatic turnaround in Iraq or the capture of Osama bin Laden -- Bush advisers have turned to the election as the most important chance to rewrite the troubled narrative of his presidency and allow him to recover enough to govern his last two years, Republican strategists said...
Bush remains a firm believer in the "Iraq first" strategy. The war has overshadowed everything else and, in the White House's view, to a large extent has poisoned the public against other messages -- to the point that many Americans fault Bush's handling of the economy even though economic performance has been strong. So the White House calculates that if the public sees any improvement in Iraq and a withdrawal of even some U.S. troops, Republicans will be rewarded...
A top adviser said Rove and White House political director Sara M. Taylor are advising candidates not to duck the issue of Iraq but rather to make it a centerpiece of their campaigns.
The Rove-Taylor view is that one-third of Americans agree with liberal Democrats calling for immediate withdrawal and another third support staying the course. The middle third wants a new strategy, but would be leery of pulling out and leaving behind a volatile Iraq, a position strategists believe leaves those voters open to persuasion...
Instead of a verdict on Bush, Republicans want to frame the election as a contest with Democrats, confident that voters unhappy with the president will find the opposition even more distasteful.
"We're moving from a period where the public looks at things and says thumbs-up or thumbs-down, to a time when they have a choice between one side or the other," [Ken] Mehlman said.
This is great stuff. Presuming it really reflects GOP strategic thinking, it shows very dramatically that Republican strategists just aren't prepared to face the reality that the public has broadly concluded that the GOP and its ideas and performance are badly lacking on a whole host of fronts, and that various constituencies have turned on not just Bush, but the party, for all sorts of different reasons. Is Iraq really why the broad middle is upset about corruption, rampant cronyism, and the utter failure to do anything about health care and energy other than let lobbyists write policy to suit their needs? Is it why conservatives are in a lather about immigration and the explosion in spending? This is all just delusional, as is the assertion that the "middle third" is "open to persuasion" on Iraq. Open to persuasion of what, exactly? These guys don't know what to do about Iraq -- whatever it is we're describing as "success" in Iraq likely can't be achieved. So what can they persuade voters of? That things will magically right themselves if we just leave the folks who've failed spectacularly thus far in charge?
And what of the idea that it's a winner for Republicans to frame the election as a choice between them and Dems? That also seems like an ostrich-like refusal to grasp the public's conclusion about their party, not just Bush. Polls consistently show the public thinks Dems have better ideas and wants them to govern. Look, it probably isn't out of the question that Republicans can turn things around in some measure. But with an "Iraq first" strategy combined with a handful of procedural scams on judicial nominations and same-sex marrage and the dark suggestion that if Dems get in, they'll, well, hold Republicans accountable for their failures? That's a heck of a strategy.
Sunday, May 21, 2006
An Eye-opening Fiasco at The New York Times
That this mess could splatter across the newsroom of such a fine newspaper moves me to be blunt. Times editors at all levels — especially on the news desk, where front-page and other important articles get a final review — need to pick up each story with the assumption that the most fascinating anecdote, or even the central premise, could be wrong. Readers deserve no less.
Ouch. Good thing the story wasn't about something more significant, like a leak from anonymous US officials saying that Iran's nuke capacities are far more advanced than is publicly known. But then, the paper would never commit this sort of series of errors on a story with that kind of importance, would it?
Saturday, May 20, 2006
Joe Lieberman Gives GOP Attacks Bipartisan Legitimacy
There was a time when a vital center coalition existed in the Senate, where there was room on both sides for trading votes across party lines. The Republicans destroyed that coalition and Liebermann, inexplicably, doesn't seem to get that. Even worse, when the s**t comes down, he inevitably sides with them. Many Democrats took a long time to learn the harsh lessons of GOP political hardball and had to lose to a bunch of thuggish right-wingers before they began to recognise what they were up against. Lieberman still refuses to accept the fact that his high minded centrism is a weapon in the hands of the radical Republicans. (Expletive deleted in the interests of preserving blogospheric civility.)
He's getting at a point which can't be stated enough. The Times is eager to to paint supporters of Lieberman opponent Ned Lamont as driven by a desire to "punish" Lieberman for supporting the Iraq war, but the challenge to Lieberman isn't about revenge at all. It's about Democratic survival. The GOP's openly stated goal of building a permanent Republican majority may seem like it's on life support right now, but this fight is far from over. With the GOP's military misadventure in shambles, the Republicans are desperately striking back by trying to paint Dems as anti-troops, pro-terrorism traitors. It's imperative that these attacks be seen by the electorate as desperate partisan attacks coming from a party in severe trouble. But as I've argued before, when Lieberman attacks antiwar people in his own party in terms similar to those used by President Bush and Dick Cheney, all he's doing is giving those GOP attacks bipartisan legitimacy.
Let's not forget how Lieberman acquitted himself after Dems began seriously pressuring the White House to begin preparing for withdrawal from Iraq: He said that Bush would be commander in chief for three more years and observed that "it's time for Democrats who distrust President Bush to acknowledge that," adding: "We undermine the president's credibility at our nation's peril." Look, Lieberman is entitled to his opinion, but why the gratuitous slam against fellow Dems in those particular terms? Friends, his was a perfect expression of the GOP's message about Dem criticism of Bush -- only thanks to Lieberman, that Republican message has no longer been a purely partisan one. Why else would Cheney have chimed in thusly: "He is entirely correct. On this, both Republicans and Democrats should be able to agree. The only way the terrorists can win is if we lose our nerve and abandon our mission."
To put this as plainly as possible, Lieberman lends aid and comfort to those who would destroy his party. Is it any wonder that some Dems want to get rid of him?
Joe Klein Ignores His Own Past Writings on John McCain
Over at The Daily Howler, Bob Somerby has unearthed a wonderful example of this. He offers the following quote from Klein's new book, Politics Lost, about McCain during the 2000 Presidential campaign:
This was a candidate without fear, speaking in the plainest possible language. I never saw him duck a question, and his best responses had a startling clarity. Asked about health-care reform, for example, he said: “The problem is the Democrats are in the pocket of the trial lawyers and we Republicans are in the pocket of the insurance companies. And so there is gridlock, and there will continue to be, until we get the special-interest influence out of politics.” (Emphasis added.)
Guess what? Back when Klein was observing McCain in real time, he wasn't anywhere near as charitable. In a profile he wrote in 2000 for The New Yorker, Klein had the following to say about McCain's approach to health care:
Health care isn’t easy, but McCain is running for president. He had just released, with no small fanfare, a “plan,” but it was almost laughably sketchy—with no real answers for the forty-four million people without health insurance, many of whom work at low-wage jobs. (Even the accompanying fact sheet was filled with errors.) (Emphasis added.)
Now we're told in retrospect that McCain "never" ducked a question and answered all them with "startling clarity." At the time, though, Klein thought McCain was "laughably sketchy" on health care and didn't offer any "real answers." What changed? I think the answer is that in those six years, Klein evolved from a reporter to a pundit. And the pundits are constructing an official McCain narrative -- McCain as apolitical hero -- that has no room for actual facts, in this case including ones that were once observed by none other than the pundit himself.
Friday, May 19, 2006
BellSouth Spokesman says company may sue USA Today; Won't Rule Out Possibility that Subcontractors were Contacted by NSA
Now BellSouth's spokesman, Jeff Battcher, tells me that the company is considering suing USA Today over the story. "It certainly is one of the options being considered," he told me. This is interesting, and here's why. I'm no lawyer, but I've gotta think that such a legal battle could result in a lengthy discovery process that could force some of this stuff into the public domain. Who knows whether this will happen, but it at least seems possible. It's worth noting that this is something the company definitely wouldn't want if it were lying.
But here's something else that's key. Battcher acknowledged to me that he couldn't be sure that the NSA hadn't accessed their records through a third-party subcontractor, as some folks have been speculating lately. In our conversation there was some stuff that will lend comfort to both critics and defenders of the USA Today story.
Battcher conceded that he couldn't rule out the possibility that NSA had approached any of the subcontractors who work with BellSouth, such as long distance companies or outfits that do data transmission, handle billing or do other services. Battcher acknowledged it's possible that these companies "could have bits and pieces" of info of the sort that the NSA might have approached them for. So it's at least partly possible to reconcile BellSouth's now-vehement denial with the original story.
Battcher also insisted: "If that happened, it certainly wasn't with the knowledge or authority of BellSouth, and [the subcontractors] would be in violation of our agreements with them." If Battcher's telling the truth, it's hard to imagine data-collection happening on the massive scale alleged in the article without the help of the company itself. On the other hand, he's basically acknowledging that some kind of phone-records collection could have happened without BellSouth's knowledge of it.
Adding to the intrigue, Laura Rozen's War and Piece blog steers us to this TPM Muckraker piece about how small companies specialize in giving the government access to telecom records, making it possible for the NSA to get the info they want without the companies themselves being the ones who turned it over. (Of course, if this had happened BellSouth would have known that the NSA had gotten its hands on their data.)
As I said before, this is some pretty dense fog, and the more light shined into it, the better.
Al Gore Reintroducing Himself in Elite Media Circles; Private Dinner with Tina Brown, Harry Evans
One guest attending the screening I spoke to thinks that the new media elite feting of Gore is a sign that media people want to take another look at him, now that he’s being seen as much more outspoken and passionate about issues he cares about – a second look that Gore appears to be welcoming. “Tina and Harry’s home is the epicenter of media power,” this guest says. “Their guests tend to be the media elite types who were so critical of Gore in 2000 and after the election. Now they’re seeing him in a different light – not as the dutiful, cautious veep.” Fine, but if he runs, will the coverage of him really change, too?
Rudy and Ralph Reed
"You can count me as a friend and supporter, someone who will do anything I can to get you elected."
"We've got to lift our heads up, take a look at everything around us, and realize this country's in pretty good shape," he said. "We shouldn't be going to the American people with our heads down. We should be going with our heads up. Our policies work." (Emphasis added.)
Now, there's going to be lots on this blog about Rudy -- I saw him up close for years in New York's City Hall, and am fairly familiar with his, shall we say, eccentricities -- but for now, let me make two quick points. The first is that Rudy, should he seek the Presidency, may run a campaign of optimism, one familiar to the "morning in America" campaign of Ronald Reagan in 1980 that capitalized on the demoralized electorate of the late 1970s. Recall that at the time there was widespread angst over American foreign policy abroad and morale in GOP ranks was low because of Watergate. We're in a similar place today, between Iraq and all the corruption scandals, and I predict that by 2008 Republicans are just going to be sick and tired of feeling so bad about themselves and their country all the time. They'll be just plain fed up with Dems and the media making them feel so guilty about screwing up the country and its international relationships so badly.
So Rudy's message to demoralized Republicans will essentially be, "We don't agree on everything, but if there's one thing we do agree on, it's that America and the Republican Party are great. I'm the guy who can make you feel good about country and party again." If Rudy's brand of Republicanism could clean up New York City, his message will be, Rudy's brand of Republican leadership (a word you'll be hearing a lot from him) is just the elixir to get America back on track and make the world a less confusing place again.
As for the second point, Lizzy's right to compare Rudy's dalliance with Reed to John McCain's romance with Jerry Falwell. Rudy's strategic dilemma is very similar to McCain's. Both have a reputation for independence, but the problem for both of them is that when they do what it takes to be competitive in a GOP primary -- that is, cozy up to folks they disagree with on all sorts of things -- that sense of each one's independence simply vanishes, and each suddenly morphs into just another pandering politician, into the wizard behind the curtain. When McCain panders, the press appears content to ignore it and pretend it didn't happen, and it remains to be seen whether Rudy will be granted the same treatment. Indeed, the big question, should Rudy run, is whether memories of his performance in the aftermath of Sept. 11 -- which does appear to be indelibly fixed in America's collective consciousness, though it bears mentioning that by 2008 the disaster will have happened seven years earlier -- will enable him to ride out his basic strategic problem. I don't know the answer to that, but I guess we'll soon find out.
Thursday, May 18, 2006
Why the Media Isn't Reporting the "Good News" in Iraq
The words erupt in machine-gun bursts as Lara Logan strafes the critics who say she and other journalists in Iraq are ignoring the signs of progress there.
"That's complete nonsense," Logan says. "I tell the American commanders all the time: When we can get in our cars and drive to the opening of a store and interview people on camera without fear of being killed, or getting everyone involved with us killed, the good-news stories will be told." ...
She dismisses criticism of Western journalists remaining in Baghdad's fortified Green Zone, saying: "Every time I leave the hotel, I have to justify why I'm risking the lives of everyone on my team."
Passed along without comment.
Orrin Hatch Accidently Answers Reporter's Question, Confirms Phone Records Story
It seems Utah Senator Orrin Hatch accidentally confirmed the existence of the phone monitoring programs that are causing the Bush administration such a political headache. Previously, the line had been that officials couldn't confirm the program's existence, because it's supposed to be classified.
Hatch did this by telling a reporter who'd queried him about the programs that at least two of the chief judges on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court had been informed since 2001 of the operations, and that "none raised any objections." That appeared to be indirect confirmation of the program's existence.
Later, his spokesman tried to undo the damage. The AP story somewhat drolly adds: "An aide later said Hatch's comments should in no way be considered confirmation of any efforts to collect phone records."
Hatch confirmed it before he didn't confirm it, I guess.
Seriously, this suggests some very promising lines of inquiry for the press. What exactly were the FISA judges told? How much detail were they given? Why didn't they object?
Wednesday, May 17, 2006
Do Network Chiefs Really Care if Their Reporters Fail?
That's not merely a rhetorical question. It's going to be a preoccupation of this blog going forward. How do we make such things matter to the folks who really have the power to change them?
About those Phone Company Denials...
USA Today appears to be sticking to the story, though the paper's statement seems to carefully avoid a total commitment to it, instead saying that the paper's "confident" in its reporting.
So now what?
Well, there's something about those denials that doesn't quite make sense.
UPDATE: And that argument dovetails rather nicely with this, wouldn't you say?
If Investigations are What it Takes, So Be It
The only real chance, then, that Congress will uncover the truth of what's happened in Washington during the Bush years will come if Democrats to win in November—a fact that puts the mainstream press in an awkward situation. While mainstream journalists, for obvious reasons of professional interest, generally support openness and increased access to information, they feel they cannot be seen as siding with one political party over another. Should the Democrats take the House, the press, desperate to stick to a “neutral” storyline, will frame the issue of post-election investigations as being not about accountability and access to information, but about political payback. Hence the current focus on impeachment...
Democrats might wish they could avoid talking about their investigative plans. But if they do, the press and the GOP will raise the issue for them, and they'll frame it around the prospect of impeachment. So Democrats might as well meet the challenge head on, and spend the summer making their case. Of course we'll vigorously investigate the administration if we win, they should say. And we'll do so the same way previous Democratic Congresses have investigated GOP presidents: shoulder-to-shoulder with honest Republican lawmakers willing to put country before party. The fact that the current GOP leadership chose to abandon the great American tradition of bipartisan Congressional oversight is no reason Democrats have to follow suit. Instead, they should embrace that tradition, with the faith that if they do, the president will get the legacy he deserves.
The key to winning the argument about investigations is for Dems to weave the issue into a larger, foward-looking message. Investigations aren't about the past; they're about the future, about getting the country back on track again. The press will try to frame any talk of investigations as political payback. The response is to say, "The only way the extensive damage of this awful presidency can be fixed is if Dems control Congress. If it requires investigations, so be it. We'll do whatever it takes to figure out exactly how the Republicans got the country into this mess -- and more important, we'll figure out how to get us out of it."
Brian Ross Sticking With His Story About the FBI and Reporters
National Security Letters are only supposed to be used during investigations into either espionage or terrorism. As I wrote yesterday, FBI spokesman William Carter is refusing to rule out the possibility that the agency is using NSLs.
So now the next key question is this: Is there a scenario by which a leak investigation would fall under the rubric of an espionage or terrorism investigation?
When I asked Carter that, he declined comment -- which suggests that the FBI does believe that such a scenario could come to pass.
Legal experts beg to differ, however. At least one I consulted, Kate Martin, the director of the Center for National Security Studies, thinks that using NSLs for a leak investigation is a huge legal stretch. She says:
If the FBI -- presumably with the approval of the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence -- interprets the Patriot Act amendments to allow them to use secret National Security Letters to investigate leaks, that's an outrageous violation of the intent of Congress in amending the NSL authority.
Tick, tock, tick, tock.
Tuesday, May 16, 2006
FBI Spokesman Won't Confirm or Deny Use of "National Security Letters" to Collect Reporters' Phone Records
Obviously that means that the FBI may be using National Security Letters, or NSLs. Or that they may not. But we certainly can't rule it out -- which makes this story more interesting, as I'll explain. What's more, Carter also added a bit more detail that thickens this plot.
One of the key questions, as Josh Marshall has pointed out, about the Brian Ross story saying the FBI is seeking reporters' phone records in leak investigations is the following: Is this or is this not being done with an NSL?
Here's why that's key. For those of you just coming to this story, the FBI acknowledged yesterday that it is increasingly seeking reporters' phone records in leak investigations. There are two ways the FBI can get these records. Either the FBI can get warrants and subpoenas. Or it can get the records -- without approval of a judge or a subpoena -- if it issues a National Security Letter.
So which is it? Asked directly, Carter declined to say -- or to rule out either option.
The reason this is important is that legal experts think that while the amended Patriot Act has loosened the restrictions for use of an NSL, there are still only two scenarios that allow for its use: investigations into either espionage or into terrorism. Kate Martin, the director of the Center for National Security Studies, emailed me this quote:
If the FBI -- presumably with the approval of the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence -- interprets the Patriot Act amendments to allow them to use secret National Security Letters to investigate leaks, that's an outrageious violation of the intent of Congress in amending the NSL authority.
Kevin Drum linked to a similar opinion, too.
As Josh noted, if the FBI's going the subpoena route, this might not be a big deal at all. But if it's going the NSL route, it could be a very big deal indeed. In the most recent AP story, which quoted FBI spokesman Carter as saying Ross's story is "misleading," Carter wasn't asked to address the question and didn't shed any light on it.
So: Is the FBI using National Security Letters, or not? When I posed the question directly to Carter, he replied:
"I can't comment on what specific investigative techniques would be used in any investigation. But the FBI will take logical investigative steps to determine if a criminal act has been committed by a U.S. government employee."
OK. So now we know that the FBI isn't denying or ruling out (or confirming) the possibility that it is using NSLs.
That seems to me to lead to the next key question: Is there any scenario under which a leak investigation could fall under the rubric of an espionage or terrorism investigation, as required for use of an NSL?
When asked that question, Carter declined to comment, beyond noting that "the leaking of classified U.S. government information is a national security issue." Instead, he referred me to the Department of Justice, saying that they'd be the ones to determine such a thing as part of the approval process for NSLs. This would seem to suggest that it's not an impossibility at all that the FBI might try to use an NSL in a leak investigation. So next stop is Justice. When I get through to them you'll be the first to know.
Meanwhile, Carter added something else of interest. He said that the FBI wouldn't need a subpoena to get the phone records of any government employee (unless he or she used a privately-owned phone) as part of such an investigation. So it's possible that the government may have learned about Ross's calls another way -- by, say, getting the records of an employee suspected of leaking and learning that he or she had called Ross.
Anyway, there's no way of knowing whether this really amounts to anything or not. There's a great deal that's still vague about this unfolding story. It's some pretty dense fog, and the more light shined into it, the better.
Assessing the "Real" Motivation of Politicians is Perilous Terrain
Very briefly, Bumiller argued that Bush's effort to take the middle ground on immigration was rooted in his past in a border state (Texas) and in his longtime personal principles, which allegedly hold that he views immigration as a positive force. Yet the truth is that Bush's speech was, if anything, a betrayal of those principles. Which gives rise to a question: How do we best address the question of whether personal principles are at play in the determination of a politician's position, particularly in a situation where the decision in question appears overwhelmingly political in nature, rather than personal?
My take is that it's usually a mistake to completely discount character and principles and see everything a pol does as pure political calculation. In the real world, politicians are human beings with prejudices just like the rest of us, and they often have to balance those prejudices against political or governmental realities or against the competing demands of constituents, all of whom have their own competing prejudices. And if a pol does something he or she doesn't believe in but is being demanded by those constituents, that's not automatically naked political pandering; after all, that pol is supposed to represent those constituents. Plus, policy outcomes are what really count -- or should really count -- in the real world, anyway. All this is why, as TAPPED's Sam Rosenfeld has quite rightly observed, the quest for some sort of Holy Grail of "authenticity" in a politician is a foolish one.
At the same time, there should come a time when the statute of limitations, as it were, should run out on our willingness to allow that pols are complex beings dealing with complex pressures and even core principles. If a pol has, again and again, proven himself willing to indulge in the rankest pandering to one constituency or another -- as Bush has -- then maybe he or she should stop be given the benefit of the doubt, and we should simply call his or her behavior what it is -- that is, rank pandering. In Bush's case, the statute of limitations expired a long time ago, which is why Bumiller's piece is rightly getting panned as loudly as possible.
Anyway, here's my take on Bumiller's piece. Here are some trenchant and funny observations from Rosenfeld. Here's Atrios's take. And here's a fun one from Salon. Enjoy.
Maybe the Bush Administration Does Think the Media are Traitors
In a post about Brian Ross's stories on ABC saying that a source had told him that the government knows who he's calling, Josh Marshall wrote this:
Given the Bush administration's self-servingly indulgent definition of the War on Terror, I don't doubt that they would define finding leakers as a subdivision of fighting terrorism, or for that matter scrutinizing political opponents.
I think that there's no doubt that this is true -- and by extention, I don't doubt that the administration would define the tracking of calls made by reporters benefiting from leakers as a subdivision of fighting terrorism, too. But this gives rise to a question. Would the administration define tracking these calls as fighting terrorism simply as a matter of legal convenience, or out of actual conviction?
When Republicans go out and blast the media for helping terrorists, we naturally assume it's pure cynicism, a political tactic designed to discredit the media in the eyes of the electorate and frighten the big news orgs into submission and silence. And certainly in many cases it is no doubt pure cynicism. But given all we know now about this administration, why shouldn't we take them at their word that they do believe the press is helping the terrorists?
For now there's a ton we don't know about Ross's story -- we can't be sure whether the tracking of calls was authorized by routine subpoenas or by so-called "National Security Letters" from the FBI, which would be far more serious -- and I'm hoping to dig into the legal guts of it later. But for the moment, suffice it to say that it's hard to know which is worse: That the White House routinely smears the press purely as a cynical political tactic, or because it genuinely believes that the media are traitors in league with "the enemy."